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The Centralized Log Management UI enables you to configure your log data sources using source rules. Manually created job files (used prior to version 4.3) are not needed. 

The Centralized Log Management UI is an Analytics configuration section in the Controller UI. Once you define the source rules, you specify which Analytics Agents should use the rules by associating specific source rules with Agent Scopes. Agent Scopes are groups of Analytics Agents that you define. Using Agent Scopes simplifies deployment of the log source configuration to multiple agents.

Source Rules

Source rules provide the same capabilities that job files provided in previous releases and have added features such as:

  • Expanded field management capabilities, including masking or removing sensitive data
  • Ability to override time zones in log data
  • Automatic field extraction using sample files

Analytics Agents collect logging information based on the log source rules that are provided centrally through the Controller.  When the log source rules are enabled and associated with Agent Scopes, Analytics Agents automatically start collecting the configured logs as follows:

  • Analytics Agents register with the Controller on start up
  • Analytics Agents download log source rules to configure log collection (after registration)
  • Log source rules are stored in the Controller data store and are configurable through the Centralized Log Management UI
  • Analytics Agents start acting on log source rule changes within five minutes (this could be longer if there are any network communication issues)

Permissions

To configure log analytics source rules, you need the following permissions:

  • Manage Centralized Log Config permission
  • View access to the specific source types that you want to configure

For more details, see Analytics and Data Security.

Analytics Agent Properties

If you are using Centralized Log Management (CLM), you need to configure additional properties in the analytics-agent.properties file. See the section titled "Configure Properties for Consolidated Log Management" in Installing Agent-Side Components for the details.

Managing Source Rules 

When you create a source rule and save it, the rule is initially in a disabled state. This is shown on the source rule list page in the Status column. You can enable and disable the source rule from the UI. 

 

You can also see which source rules use a specific agent scope. The Analytics Agent does not collect the log data until the source rule is enabled and assigned to an Agent Scope with active Analytics Agents.

Create a Source Rule

Each log source is identified and configured by a source rule. A source rule specifies the following:

  • Location and type of the log file
  • Pattern for capturing records from the log file
  • Pattern for structuring the data from the captured log records 
  • Other options for capturing records from the log source file

You can create a source rule from any one of the following starting points:

  • AppDynamics template. Several templates for common log file formats are available by default. These templates are conceptually similar to the sample job files that were provided in previous versions.
  • Existing source rule. If you have configured an existing source rule, you can use it as the starting point for a new rule.
  • New source rule. Start from scratch when your log file does not match one of the available templates.

Preview Extracted Log Data Using Sample Log Files 

To improve validation of data collection and parsing of log messages, you can use a local log file with the Log Analytics Configuration UI to preview the field extraction that you want. Three types of field extraction are available.

  • Grok patterns and key-value pair extraction
  • Auto extraction using regular expressions
  • Manual extraction using regular expressions

Best Practices for Source Rule Design

A few recommendations apply to making source rules.

Use the simplest possible regular expressions and grok matching patterns possible. Do not make excessive use of wildcards or quantifiers as it can slow the responsiveness of the Controller UI. You can view examples of such greedy quantifiers on https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/util/regex/Pattern.html.

If a regex pattern (including grok) is taking more than five seconds to match against a logline, extraction and further processing for those fields stop. If this occurs, some fields may be missing for that log line when viewed on the Controller. Other log lines are not impacted; however, this occurrence is often the result of an ineffective or faulty matching pattern in the first place, and processing is likely to take a long time for all log lines. This behavior is applicable to the dynamic Preview screens in the Centralized Log Analytics Configuration page as well.

The Controller limits the size of the records it retrieves to 32 KB by source rule in log analytics. This limit guards against excessive system resource burden, including potential resource burden that might be caused by excessive data collection due to faulty source rule patterns.

To create a source rule
  1. From the Controller top navigation bar, click Analytics.
  2. From the left navigation panel, click Configuration > Log Analytics.
    You see two tabs, one for Source Rules and one for Agent Scopes. 
  3. From the Source Rules tab, click +Add .
    You see the Add Source Rule window. 
  4. In the Add Source Rule window, select your starting point for the source rule. Note that you can also use a job file as the starting point for your source rule. Also see Migrate Log Analytics Job Files to Source Rules.
  5. Use Collection Type to indicate if the source log file resides on the local filesystem or will be collected from a network connection.

    Collecting from a network connection is only used for a TCP source rule, which extracts log analytics fields from syslog messages over TCP. See Collect Log Analytics Data from Syslog Messages for details.

  6. Use the Browser button to locate and specify a sample log file to preview the results of your configuration. You can also specify a sample file later in the configuration process during the field extraction step. 

     

  7. Click Next to see the Add Source Configuration page. Some fields may be prepopulated with data if you selected either an AppDynamics template or an existing source rule as your starting point. The four tabs are:
    • General
    • Field Extraction
    • Field Customization
    • Agent Mapping
  8. On the General tab, name your rule, specify its location, timestamp handling, and other general characteristics. For more details, see General Configuration.
  9. On the Field Extraction tab, configure the fields that you want to capture from your log file. For more details on the fields on this subtab, see Field Extraction. For a detailed procedure on using Auto Field Extraction, see Field Extraction for Source Rules.

    Use the simplest possible regular expressions and grok matching patterns. Do not make excessive use of wildcards or quantifiers as it can slow the responsiveness of the Controller UI. Examples of expensive and greedy quantifiers can be found here https://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/util/regex/Pattern.html

  10. On the Field Management tab, you can customize the handling of fields in a number of way including masking sensitive data, renaming fields, changing the data type and more. For more details, see Field Management.
    Mask Value - Use this option to mask values of sensitive data such as credit card numbers of social security numbers. Select Mask value and enter the starting index and ending index (1 and 4 respectively for the example shown) and a character to use for masking in the display, such as an * asterisk.
     
    Replace Value - Use this option to replace the entire data field with a static string. Select Replace value and enter the string to use:
     
  11. On the Agent Mapping tab, assign the source rule to specific Agent Scopes.
  12. Click Save when you are finished. The source rule is saved in a disabled state.

Centralized Log Management UI Details

General Configuration Tab

FieldDescriptionRequired
Source NameName of this source rule. This name must be unique. Appears in the list of defined source rules.Yes
Source TypeSpecifies the event type of log source file. This field is prepopulated when you start from an AppDynamics template or an existing source rule. If you are creating a new source rule from scratch, you can specify any value. This value is used to identify this specific type of log event and can be used in searching and filtering the collected log data. The value shows up in the field list for the log data.Yes
Source File

The location and name of the log file to serve as a log source. The location must be on the same machine as the analytics-agent.

You can use wild cards and you can specify whether to match files one level deep or all log files in the path directory structure.

  • Example for multi-level matching: 

    path: /var/log/**/*.log
    This matches both /var/log/apache2/logs/error.log and /var/log/cassandra/system.log

  • Example for one level matching:
    path: /var/log/*/*.log
    This searches for .log files one level deep in the /var/log directory (matches on /var/log/cassandra/system.log but not on /var/log/apache2/logs/error.log).

Required when collection type is from the local filesystem.
TCP PortSpecifies the port for the analytics-agent to collect log files from a network connection. This field is not present if the collection type is From local file system.

If no port number is provided, port 514 is used. Both the syslog utility and analytics-agent should have root access to send logs to port 514 (binding to ports less than 1024 requires root access).

Required when collection type is from a network connection.
Enable path extraction

This checkbox enables extraction of fields from the path name. Add a grok pattern in the text box.

The syntax for a grok pattern is {%{SYNTAX:SEMANTIC}. For example, to extract AdminSever from /opt/apps/oracle/middleware/user_projects/domains/ouaf_domain1/servers/AdminServer/logs/AdminServer.log, enter the following GROK pattern: servers/%{DATA:servername}/%{GREEDYDATA}, where %{DATA:server} filters the server name and %{GREEDYDATA} filters rest of the message from the log path.

No
Start collecting from

Indicate where to begin tailing (collecting the log records). Options are:

  • From the beginning of the log file
  • From the end of the log file
  • A specific time range (in hours) - For example, if you set this to four hours, then when you enable the rule and analytics starts tailing the log data, only the last four hours of data is ingested. When tailing starts, the watermark state is maintained for that file. If the agent is now stopped and restarted, it will start tailing from where it left off for any old file. For new files, it will only tail last four hours of data.
The default is to collect log records from the beginning of the file.
Override time zone

Use this to override the time zone in log events. If your log events don't have a time zone assigned and you are not overriding it, the host machine time zone is assigned to the log events.

If you override the time zone, you must provide a timestamp format.

No
Override timestamp formatYou can override the format if needed. Time zone formats should conform to: http://www.joda.org/joda-time/timezones.htmlYes.
The override timestamp format is needed to extract out time correctly from the log file. If you do not provide this field, the eventTimestamp will be equal to pickupTimestamp despite log line having time stamp. 
Auto-Correct duplicate TimestampsEnable this option to preserve the order of original log messages if the messages contain duplicate timestamps. This adds a counter to preserve the order.No
Collect Gzip filesEnable this to also find gzip files in the specified path.No

 

Field Extraction Tab

The following table describes the fields and actions on this tab. For a detailed procedure on using Auto or Manual Field Extraction, see Field Extraction for Source Rules.

Section/Field or ActionDescription
Add Grok Pattern
Message PatternThis is the grok pattern used to extract fields from the log message. A pattern may be prepopulated when you use an AppDynamics template or an existing source rule as your starting point. You can add or remove grok patterns as needed.
Multiline FormatFor log files that include log records that span multiple lines (spanning multiple line breaks), use this field to indicate how the individual records in the log file should be identified. You have two options:
  • startsWith: A simple prefix that matches the start of the multiline log record. 

  • regex: A regular expression that matches the multiline log record.

Multiline format is not supported when you are collecting log data from a network connection.

Extract Key-Value Pairs
FieldShows the field selected for key-value pair configuration.
SplitThe delimiter used to separate the key from its value. In this example, "key=value": the split delimiter is the equal sign "=". Multiple comma-separated values can be added.
SeparatorThe delimiter used to separate out two key-value pairs. In this example, "key1=value1;key2=value2": the separator is the semi-colon ";". Multiple comma-separated values can be added.
TrimA list of characters to remove from the starting and/or the end of the key/value before storing them. In this example, "_ThreadID_": you can specify the underscore "_" as the trim character to result in "ThreadID". Multiple comma-separated values can be added.
IncludeA list of key names to capture from the "source". You must provide keys in the include field. If the include field is left blank no key value pairs are collected.
Actions
Upload Sample fileBrowse to a local file to upload a sample log file.
PreviewUse to refresh the Preview grid to see the results of the specified field extraction pattern.
Auto Field Extraction
Definer Sample

Select a message from the preview grid that is representative of the fields that you want to extract from the log records. You can select only one definer sample per source rule.

Refiner SamplesRefines the regular expression to include values that were not included in the original definer sample.
Counter SampleThis specifies something to ignore. Refines the regular expression to exclude values that were included by the original definer or refiner sample.
Manual Field Extraction
Regular ExpressionAdd a regular expression to define the field you want to extract.
Field TypeSpecify the type for the field.
Field NameAutomatically generated within the regular expression pattern. This name appears in the Fields list in the Analytics Search UI.
Actions
Add FieldUse to add additional regular expressions for extracting more fields. You cannot add more than 20 fields.

Preview

  • All
  • Matching
  • Non-Matching
Use these buttons to filter the viewable results in the preview grid.
Upload Sample FileUpload a sample file from your local file system to use in the preview grid.

Field Management Tab

Field/ActionDescription
Select Any Field to CustomizeSelect the field to add customizations. You can add multiple customizations to a single field.
Field NameThis column lists the fields that have customizations.
CustomizeThis column shows the specific customizations. For static fields, the display name is shown. Static fields can not be further customized.
Mask ValueThis customization option masks values in the collected data. Specify the starting and ending position in the data and the character to use as the masking value.
Replace ValueThis customization option replaces the entire value of the field with a static string.
RenameThis customization option enables you to rename a field to a more recognizable display name.
Field Type

Use to change the data type of the field. For example, from string to number. Available types are String, Boolean, and Number.

Note that after a source rule has been saved with a field of a specified data type, you cannot later change the data type of that field. Once the fields are indexed in the analytics database trying to specify a new type will cause a validation error.

RemoveThis customization turns off data collection for the field. It can be reversed at a later time.
Add Static FieldThis action allows you to add a static field to all the log events collected from this source. This field can then be used to search and filter the log data. For example, use this to add Tier, Node, and Application Name to the log data.

 

Watch the Video

For full-screen viewing, click Centralized Log Management for Log Analytics.