ADQL Reference:

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Overview

Use the HAVING clause on the output produced by another aggregation. The HAVING clause operates on an expression to determine the intervals to be shown in the response. The metric specified in the expression must be numeric and the expression must return a boolean value for the HAVING clause to work. 

Additionally, the HAVING clause must be referenced by an alias in the query as follows:

SELECT customerName, count(*) as Requests, avg(responseTime) as ResponseTime FROM transactions HAVING Requests > 10000

where Requests is the alias referenced in the query. 

Syntax

 SELECT selectItems
    FROM relation
    WHERE where=booleanExpression
    SINCE statement
    HAVING havingClause
    ORDER BY sortItems
    LIMIT limits
   ;

where havingClause is a boolean expression. The WHERE, ORDER BY, and LIMIT clauses and SINCE statement are optional.

Examples

Usage of HAVING clause with different filters is given below:

Simple Comparison Filter

SELECT transactionName, avg(responseTime) as AVRT FROM type HAVING AVRT > 0

Simple Range Filter

SELECT transactionName, avg(responseTime) as AVRT FROM type HAVING AVRT BETWEEN [10, 90)

Simple List Filter

SELECT transactionName, avg(responseTime) as AVRT FROM type HAVING AVRT IN (20, 30, 40, 60)


Compound Filter

SELECT transactionName, avg(responseTime) as AVRT FROM type HAVING AVRT > 20 AND AVRT < 90
SELECT transactionName, avg(responseTime) as AVRT FROM type HAVING AVRT < 20 OR AVRT > 90
SELECT transactionName, avg(responseTime) as AVRT FROM type HAVING AVRT > 20 AND AVRT < 90 AND AVRT IN (70, 80)


Not Filter

SELECT transactionName, avg(responseTime) as AVRT FROM type HAVING NOT AVRT > 50


Not Compound Filter

SELECT transactionName, avg(responseTime) as AVRT FROM type HAVING NOT (AVRT > 20 AND AVRT < 90)


Multi-Metric Filter

SELECT transactionName, avg(responseTime) as AVRT, max(responseTime) as MAXRT FROM type HAVING NOT (AVRT > 20 AND AVRT < 90) AND MAXRT > 130

Limitations

The HAVING clause is not supported for the following:

  • Nested fields in Elasticsearch
  • Multi-metric functions, such as percentiles and stdev
  • Filtered metric functions (filter function)
  • Invalid queries as given below
Unsuppported Conditions/FiltersQueries
LikeSELECT transactionName, avg(responseTime) as AVRT FROM transactions HAVING AVRT LIKE '10'
ExistsSELECT transactionName, avg(responseTime) as AVRT FROM transactions HAVING AVRT IS NOT NULL
Not Aliased

SELECT avg(responseTime) as avtr FROM type HAVING avg(responseTime) > 10

SELECT txName, count(*), node, count(*) FROM transactions HAVING count(*) > 10

NestedSELECT transactionId, AVG(segments.numCalls) as av_numCalls, MIN(segments.numCalls), MAX(segments.numCalls), SUM(segments.numCalls) FROM transactions HAVING av_numCalls > 2
Filter FunctionSELECT appraisalrating, filter(min(salary), where salary > 60000) as val FROM transactions HAVING val > 60000
Multi-Valued Metric FunctionsPercentile : 

SELECT appraisalrating, percentile(salary, 94) as per_sal FROM transactions HAVING per_sal > 2 ORDER By appraisalrating

 Standard Deviation :

SELECT appraisalrating, stdev(salary) as stdev_sal FROM transactions HAVING stdev_sal > 2 ORDER By appraisalrating

Missing Parent AggregationSELECT avg(responseTime) as AVRT FROM transactions HAVING AVRT > 2

 


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